The Kadaknath or Kali Masi is an Indian breed of chicken local to Jhabua and Dhar districts of eastern Madhya Pradesh, where it is known as "Kali masi" ("fowl having black flesh").Due to its high protein and very low fat and cholesterol levels, it is in high demand.
Nicknames - Kali Masi
Country of origin - Madhya Pradesh,India
Use - Dual-purpose breed: eggs, meat
Skin color - Black
Egg color - Brown
The Kadaknath is popular mainly for its adaptability and good-tasting black meat, which is believed to infuse vigor.Its color stems from melanin.
The commonly available colours of kadaknath are jet-black, penciled and golden. black plumage with a greenish iridescence, black legs and toenails, black beak and tongue, black comb and wattles, black meat and bones and even dark organs. This breed is also found in Indonesia where it is known as Ayam Cemani.
Nutrilive Value :
Protein content in kadaknath is higher than 25% in an ordinary bird it varies between 18-20%.
Research has shown that this species has lower cholesterol(0.73-1.05%) than white chicken(13-25%)
High levels of 18 amino acids out of which 8 are essential for the human and rich in hormone.
Vitamins B1,B2,B6, B12, C and E, niacin, protein, fat, calcium, phosphorus, iron, nicotinic acids, etc.
Medicinal Properties :
Kadaknath has special medicinal value in homeopathy and a particular nervous disorder.
The tribal uses kadaknath blood in the treatment of chronic disease in human beings and its meat as aphrodisiac (Believed to infuse vigor in Make).
Experts says that Viagra or Sildenafil Citrate is basically a vasodilator designed for increasing blood flow to the heart and the melanin pigmant in kadaknath does the same.
kadaknath chicken has a peculiar effectiveness in treating women’s discuss, sterility, Menoxenic(abnormal menstruation), habitual abortion.
The eggs are also an ideal nutrilive, especially for old people and high blood pressure victims, since the cholesterol content is lower Rich in amino acids and higher than that of other kinds of birds.
The eggs of kadaknath chickens can be used effectively to treat severe headaches, headaches after giving birth, faintness, asthma and nephritis (acute or chronic inflammation of the kidney).
Merits of Kadaknath Chicken Meat :
High nutrition , the protein content higher than other native chicken.
1.High Protein more than 25% (highest of all chicken breeds).
2.Low fat 0.73-1.05% only (lowest of all chicken breeds).
3.Vitamins B1,B2,B6,B12, C and E, niacin, protein , fat, calcium, phosphorus, iron, nicotinic acid etc.
4.High levels of 18 essential amino acids as well as hormones that are required by the human body.
5.The Central Food and Research Institute, Mysore , studied its medicinal qualities and found it suitable for cardiac patients as it increases blood supply to the heart
Threat of extinction
Due to the relatively high consumption of the breed, its numbers have sharply declined. To save the breed from extinction, Pushpak Ayurdhan Farm started a Kadaknath poultry breeding program involving farmers by contract poultry farming.
Belsare, R. M.; S.G. Narayankhedkar (2004). "Relative selection efficiency and expected selection estimates in Kadakanath breed of poultry". The Journal of Bombay Veterinary College. 12 (1and2): 64.
Mahapatra, Dhananjay (2008-11-26). "For 'kadaknath' lovers, party no bar". The Times of India. Retrieved 2009-05-28.